Humpback Whale

photo of a humpback whale breechingHumpback whale: Megaptera novaeangliae    photo credit: Steve Lefkovits, Pacific-Landscapes.com

Humpbacks live in all the major oceans from the equator to sub-polar latitudes.

They are baleen whales: their baleen acts as a sieve straining out water as it traps small fish or plankton. Humpbacks have pleated throat grooves that open and expand, allowing a whale to gulp down huge amounts of food and water. Often the whales feed in groups, herding schools of fish and creating bubble nets that trap the fish, and then opening their huge mouths to engulf their prey.

photo of a humpback whale feedingphoto credit: Steve Lefkovits, Pacific-Landscapes.com

Although these whales are among the largest animals on the planet, they are acrobatic and playful to watch. You may see them jumping clear out of the water (breaching); or slapping their tails on the surface over and over again.

photo of a humpback whale tail flukephoto credit: Steve Lefkovits, Pacific-Landscapes.com

The songs of male humpback males have haunted us since scientists first recorded them. They sing complex songs on their wintering grounds in Hawaii. The songs can last up to 20 minutes and can be heard over long distances – over 20 miles!

 

To learn more about humpback whales:

National Geographic: Humpback Whales

American Cetaceon Society: Humpback Whales

Listen to humpback whale songs and read about the first recordings

Listen to humpback whale songs here

Watch the trailer for the IMAX movie Humpback Whales